Basa fish is one of the most consumed fish in the world and is very famous for its high nutritional content. Today, Viksnews.com will give you a comprehensive view of the question what is basa fish and health benefits of basa fish for baby.
What is basa fish?
Basa fish, the scientific name Pangasius bocourti, also known as the Spearfish, abalone fish, is the catfish in the family Pangasiidae with high economic value, which is concentrated in many countries around the world. This species is native to the Mekong Delta in Vietnam and the Chao Phraya basin in Thailand. This fish is an important food in the international market. They are often labeled in North America and Australia with the name “basa fish” or “bocourti”.
In appearance, basa fish are easily distinguishable from other species in the Pangasius family. It has a short body, rhombic, slightly flattened, rounded, large belly accumulating fat, the standard length is 2.5 times the body height.
Basa fish’s head slightly rounded, standing up. The mouth is narrow, the width of the mouth is less than 10% of the standard length, the mouth is slightly deflected under the muzzle. The upper jawline is large and visible when the mouth is closed, with 2 pairs of antennae, the upper jaw is equal to of the head length; lower beard equal to 1/3 of the head length.
The teeth are a group of deep dents in the middle and two clusters of teeth on the vomer are on both sides. There are 40-46 gill rakers on the first arch, anal fin with 31-36 rays. Mouth teeth with strips of teeth on the palate in the middle and teeth on the vomer bone on both sides. The height of basa fish’s tail is more than 7% of standard length. The dorsal surface is brown, the abdomen is white.
Health benefits of basa fish for baby
100g basa fillet contains only 90 calories. If you go on a diet, basa fish fillet may be a good choice, since it takes less than 10 minutes to jog or swim to burn this calorie.
Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish can bring miracles to your health, and basa fish contain moderate amounts of these acids.
Specifically, 100g basa fish fillet can provide 4g of fat. Approximately 2.6-6.7% fat in 1 part basa fish containing Omega-3 fatty acids. A high intake of these acids, especially DHA and EPA, reduces the risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases.
100g fish fillet contains 14g protein. This amount is 2 times higher than an egg but with less calories.
If you want to pursue a low-carbohydrate diet, basa fillets will be an option. Pangasius fillet has zero carbohydrate level.
Basa fish fillet has a relatively low sodium content, with 50mg per fillet. The recommended daily intake is 2,300mg, so a piece of basa fillet weighs 100g only about 2% of this level.
Why should baby eat basa fish twice a week?
A research by Jianghong Liu (University of Pennsylvania, USA) and colleagues found that children aged 9-11 years who ate fish at least once a week had higher IQ scores and better sleep quality. They examined the association of omega-3 with sleep and intelligence by evaluating the consumption of fish of 541 children from China aged 9-11 years.
The researchers suggest that the finding could further confirm the link between omega-3 fatty acids and better sleep and help boost the intelligence of previous studies.
Jennifer Pinto-Martin, co-author of the study, said that parents should feed babies basa fish at least once a week from 2 years of age. However, parents can still use fish as a food for babies from 10 months of age, but must carefully filter and chop bones.
Basa fish is considered an important food in a healthy diet. They are low in saturated fat, rich in protein, vitamins and minerals, especially rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Other studies have also concluded that omega-3 is beneficial for cardiovascular health, reducing the risk of irregular heartbeats, arrhythmias.
When feeding baby basa fish, you should note some issues such as:
- Only buy fish in reputable places or canned fish.
- Do not eat too much fish to limit mercury absorption.
- Fish should be combined with fruits and vegetables.
- If a family member has a food allergy, you should be cautious or consult a doctor before deciding to feed your child basa fish.
Wiknews.com will share with you more useful knowledge in subsequent articles. Please pay attention to balance the nutrition in your baby’s meals for your baby to develop comprehensively.