“Slap cheek” is a strange term for many people. But this is actually the name of a disease that many children have, which is the fifth disease, also known as scarlet fever. This is a quite dangerous disease for children under two years of age because their immune system cannot resist the strong invasion of bacteria. Let’s find out what is slap cheek and how to prevent slap cheek disease in children with Viknews.com.
What is slap cheek?
Slap cheek or scarlet fever is a skin rash in children caused by Parvovirus B19. The disease is also called another fifth disease. Because according to the order of classification of six exogenous infections in children, slap cheek ranks fifth.
Often mothers may not know if they or their children are infected until the rash begins to appear in the outer skin areas. Although the rashes often look quite serious, however, the fifth disease is a mild illness that will go away in about two to three weeks if properly treated according to your doctor’s instructions.
You should not underestimate slap cheek in babies because it is benign but can be dangerous for people with weakened immune systems, such as those with blood disorders, pregnant women and babies. In any case, do not be afraid to go to the nearest medical facility if you observe any rash on the baby’s body. Slap cheek can be diagnosed by simple tests such as blood tests.
The symptom of slap cheek disease
Symptoms of slap cheek usually appear in the period between four and fourteen days after infection. In a few cases with healthy people, the disease will not have any symptoms within twenty-one days. Common symptoms associated with slap cheek include:
– Body temperature over 38 degrees C.
– Baby has a sore throat and a runny nose.
– A headache.
– Joint pain and stiffness.
– External rash or rash in the body.
– Babies feel uncomfortable and cry.
Under extreme conditions, when there is no timely diagnosis and treatment, the patient exhibits pale skin, difficulty breathing, fatigue or fainting.
Information about Slapped Cheek
This disease is called slap cheek because the cheeks of infected babies often have red rashes on their cheeks. The most contagious disease in the early stages. A prominent red rash on both cheeks is a characteristic of this disease in children although most adults will not have a rash on their cheeks. It is said that once a rash is present, the disease is no longer contagious.
With babies, after rashes appear on the cheeks, the rash can also appear in the abdomen, arms, chest and thighs. Rashes usually disappear within one to two weeks when treated promptly.
How is the disease spread?
Slap cheek disease is caused by Parvovirus B19, spread by coughing and sneezing of infected people, like flu. Adults and children can become infected after inhaling tiny droplets from coughing or sneezing of an infected person, or touch a contaminated surface and then touch the nose or mouth.
Slap cheek disease treatment
+ With Children:
Take your child to the nearest hospital in case you see any of the symptoms mentioned above. The disease is usually mild in children and can be treated easily if quickly detected. However, after your baby has been diagnosed with an infection, leave him/her at home. Because in the early stages of the disease, this type of infection is contagious and can affect other family members. The disease will disappear within one to two weeks.
Adults after exposure to illness should seek medical help to prevent the development of the disease. In particular, if you are pregnant, there is a risk of miscarriage or other complications if your immune system is weakened.
Patients with blood disorders and weakened immune systems are also at high risk of developing slap cheek disease. These patients need to be treated at the hospital until they are cured. If you have severe anemia and have pale skin, special care should be taken. In case of severe anemia, it is recommended to hospitalize for blood transfusions. There is currently no fifth disease vaccine. We should actively follow the instructions of medical professionals.
The most effective way to prevent slap cheek
To reduce the risk of this virus spreading, you should do the following:
– Wash your hands often with soap and warm water.
– Use a tissue when coughing or sneezing, then throw away used tissues immediately.
– Try to strengthen your immune system to protect your body from bacteria and viruses
– If your child is infected, you should leave him at home in the first stage. When there is a rash, the disease will not spread anymore.
– Pregnant women or those who are worried can take blood tests to see if you are immune.