Scarlet fever is the most common disease with children from 5 to 15 years old. Scarlet fever has a high chance of being cured if it detects early symptoms. So today, let read the following article by Viknews.com to find out what is scarlet fever and the most common symptoms of scarlet fever in children.
What is scarlet fever?
Scarlet fever is a bacterial disease developed in some people with a sore throat. This bacterium secretes a poison and produces a reaction in the body that causes a red rash. Scarlet fever causes a rash throughout the body and is often accompanied by a sore throat and high fever. It is not everyone who has an infection in the throat area can have scarlet fever. If the disease is not treated, scarlet fever can lead to more dangerous conditions such as affecting the heart, kidneys and other parts of the body.
What are the signs and symptoms of scarlet fever in children?
The first symptoms of scarlet fever are severe sore throat, fever (higher than 38 ° C), swollen glands in the neck, cough, headache, and loss of appetite. The tonsils and posterior wall of the throat may have a white or red and swollen membrane. Red board nodules are the most prominent symptom. The rash usually starts after a few days of sore throat. These rashes appear on the face and neck first and then appear on the chest and back.
Baby’s tongue is very red (strawberry color or raspberry). When you touch the rash, it would turn white. By the sixth day, the rash began to fade and the skin began to flake off. Skin peeling may last 1 to 2 weeks before returning to normal. Your baby may experience other symptoms and signs not mentioned. If you have any questions about the signs of illness, please consult your doctor as soon as possible.
When do you need to see a doctor?
You need to see your doctor if your baby has an accompanying sore throat:
- Fever above 38.9 degrees Celsius or higher;
- Swelling of glands in the neck;
- Red rash.
Individual constitutions and pathology may vary in many people. So please remember to talk to your doctor to determine the best diagnosis, treatment, and treatment for you.
The cause of scarlet fever
What causes scarlet fever in children?
Bacteria called Streptococcus (strep) are the main cause of scarlet fever. Bacteria are spread by direct contact, from the start of sore throat until 24-48 hours after taking antibiotics. Bacteria can spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs. The incubation period may last 2–4 days.
Which age often has scarlet fever?
Scarlet fever is the most common disease with children from 5 to 15 years old. You can limit your chances of getting sick by reducing risk factors. Please consult your doctor for more information.
What factors increase the risk of scarlet fever in children?
Children between the ages of 5 and 15 are more likely to get sick than other ages. Germs that cause disease spread easily in people who have close contact with children such as family members or classmates. Without risk factors does not mean you cannot get sick. These signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist for more information.
What living habits help you limit the progression of scarlet fever in children?
To limit the progression of scarlet fever, you should maintain the following routine of your child:
- Use of medication as directed;
- Keep your baby feel comfortable. Offer children soft, liquid food and give them plenty of water. Use a humidifier to create cool air;
- Isolate children from other family members and other children from the date of the sore throat to 2 days after taking antibiotics. Children can return to school after 2 weeks;
- Use separate cups and eating utensils, wash with boiling water and soap;
- Wash your hands often;
- Cut your child’s nails to prevent them from scratching when the rash causes itching;
- Tell your doctor if you have a fever again (more than 38 degrees Celsius) after a few days have passed or where the skin has peeled off signs of infection;
- Tell your doctor if your child has nausea or vomiting, severe headache, earache, chest pain or coughing up productive sputum.
If you have any questions, please consult your doctor for advice on the best treatment support. More article about babies’ diseases will be posted in the future on “Moms and babies” category. Follow Viknews.com to protect your baby far from the illness.