What is a studio flat?

What is a studio flat? Advantages when living in a studio flat.

The concept of a studio flat is no longer strange to modern young people, especially newly married couples live in big cities. When the financial ability after the wedding only allows them to own or rent a house, small flat,… Their choice alway is a studio flat. So what is a flat studio and how to have a cozy place to come back after every hard working day? Let read the following article of Viknews.com to know more interesting information.

What is a studio flat?

Studio flat is a popular concept in developed countries such as America, Japan, Korea, Hongkong, Singapore, … In big cities in these countries, owning an apartment is not a simple work that requires a long process of accumulation because house prices are not cheap, applications for Tokyo and Hong Kong are the two most expensive cities in the world.

What is a studio flat?
Each studio’s flat acreage is in the range of 30-50m2 and only layout the most necessary space.

Therefore, the studio flat model was born to serve the needs of the majority of young people who have just graduated from school and worked for a few years or newly married. Each studio’s flat acreage is in the range of 30-50m2 and only layout the most necessary space. With a growing life in big cities means that housing prices are not cheap, owning a flat studio apartment becomes an affordable option for many young people.

Advantages when living in a studio flat

  • Since all of them are neatly called in the maximum space of about 65m2, it seems that we can touch everything and get everything in the flat easily, in addition to saving the lighting and heating area.
  • Cleaning in the studio flat is also quick and simple.
  • The studio flat is an ideal choice for single people, newly married couples without children.
  • The moderate area should be reasonably priced in line with the pockets of the majority, even low-income people.
  • Studio flats are usually built in big cities, so it is convenient for transportation.
  • Even though the acreage is small, the owner can still design the furniture in the style you wants.
What is a studio flat?
Cleaning tasks in the studio flat is quick and simple

Tips on interior decoration for the studio flat

Tip 1

Start by choosing the appropriate bed. Queen size bed (1.6m x 2m) or king-size (1.8m x 2m) according to your preference but the most important thing is the location of the bed in your house. The bed will be the most “private” place in a studio flat, so the best place to place the bed is far from the door and it would be great to place the bed in the corner next to a window. Great way to enjoy the dawn every day.

Tip 2

The living room area will be the most frequented used area, including homeowners and guests. Therefore, the area to place the lovely sofa set should be near the main door. You should not forget about the limitation of the area, choose the sofa bed – the kind that can be opened as a bed when guests sleep and have additional drawers contains the item below.

What is a studio flat?
The area to place the lovely sofa set should be near the main doorSt

Tip 3

The bathroom with a toilet must strictly adhere to the principle of neatness, versatility, and ventilation. The modern and compact sanitary equipment that can be used with all the functions and make you feel comfortable. One trick is to use light-colored tiles and equipment to give you a more spacious bathroom feel.

Tip 4

The dining table must be placed near the kitchen area because of the limited area. Dining chairs if not too sophisticated, can choose folding chairs that are quite popular in the market. Even when necessary, the dining table can become a desk for modern young people who regularly use laptops and wireless digital devices for their business needs.

Tip 5

The kitchen is the most important space in the house. A modern apartment will surely be indispensable for devices such as refrigerators, microwaves, … Choose small and environmentally friendly devices to save space and minimize gas production, CO and CO2. An Induction hob will help you save and beautify the kitchen space, both convenient and safe, easy to use will be the perfect solution during the price storm.

Especially, with the characteristics of a flat studio apartment, promoting the convenience, modernity, and aesthetics, the use of induction cooker for daily cooking will increase the economic value as well as beautify the apartment. The induction hob has been tested and recognized to achieve 90% of the usage efficiency while other popular cookers such as infrared stove (58%), electric stove (47%) and gas stove (40%) (information from the US Bureau of Statistics.

What is a studio flat?
Even though the acreage is small, the owner can still design the furniture in the style you wants.

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Read more: What is Pepperoni? How to make tasty pizza with Pepperoni?

What is Quorn?

What is Quorn? Can it be an effective meat alternative?

One of the most popular stories about healthy food in the world in recent years is the spectacular growth of the Quorn brand, a product that can replace meat. Do you know what is Quorn? Can it really be an effective way to provide protein for the vegetarians? Let read the following article of Viknews.com to find out the true answer.

What is Quorn?

Quorn is a meat substitute product originating in the UK and sold primarily in Europe, but also available in 19 countries. Quorn is sold as both a cooking ingredient and as the meat substitute used in a range of prepackaged meals.

What is Quorn?
Quorn roast is a common dish in the UK

All Quorn foods contain mycoprotein as an ingredient, which is derived from the Fusarium venenatum fungus and is grown by fermentation. In most Quorn products, the fungus culture is dried and mixed with egg albumen, which acts as a binder, and then is adjusted in texture and pressed into various forms. A vegan formulation also exists that uses potato protein as a binder instead of egg albumen.

Quorn was launched in 1985 by Marlow Foods, a joint venture between Rank Hovis McDougall (RHM) and Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), and is now owned by Monde Nissin Corporation.

What is Quorn made of?

Quorn is made from the soil mould Fusarium venenatum strain PTA-2684 (previously misidentified as the parasitic mould Fusarium graminearum). The fungus is grown in continually oxygenated water in large, otherwise sterile fermentation tanks. Glucose and fixed nitrogen are added as a food for the fungus, as are vitamins and minerals to improve the food value of the product.

The resulting mycoprotein is then extracted and heat-treated to remove excess levels of RNA. Previous attempts to produce such fermented protein foodstuffs were thwarted by excessive levels of DNA or RNA; without the heat treatment, purines, found in nucleic acids, are metabolised by humans to produce uric acid, which can lead to gout. However two recent studies have found dietary factors once believed to be associated with gout are in fact not, including the intake of purine-rich vegetables and total protein. The Mayo Clinic, meanwhile, advises gout sufferers to avoid some foods that are high in purines.

What is Quorn?
Latin american quorn taco is very tasty

The product is dried and mixed with egg albumen, which acts as a binder. It is then textured, giving it some of the grained character of meat, and pressed either into a mince resembling ground beef; forms resembling chicken breasts, meatballs, and turkey roasts; or chunks resembling diced chicken breast. In these forms, Quorn has a varying colour and a mild flavour resembling the imitated meat product, and is suitable for use as a replacement for meat in many dishes, such as stews and casseroles.

The final Quorn product is high in protein and dietary fibre and is low in saturated fat. It contains less dietary iron than most meats and the manufacturers have not released much information about additives they use to make Quorn resemble meat. Quorn is considered acceptable in small amounts for babies over 9 months old but should be introduced gradually. The high fibre and low calorie content is better for adults than babies and too much fibre can cause flatulence.

The salt content should be checked before giving Quorn to babies since the salt content varies between products. The carbon footprint of Quorn Frozen Mince in the UK is claimed to be at least 80% less than that of beef. Quorn for the UK and European market is produced at Marlow’s headquarters in Stokesley, North Yorkshire and at nearby Billingham in Stockton-on-Tees.

Can Quorn be an effective meat alternative?


What is Quorn?
Do you want to know Quorn and Rice Noodle Stir Fry recipe?

The first proof that mycoprotein was capable to reduce total cholesterol and LDL in blood was in a tolerance study, where the only significant change in blood analysis was the decrease of cholesterol during the mycoprotein phase of the study (where the participants ingested mycoprotein). Two studies at King’s College (University of London), demonstrated that mycoprotein lowers total and LDL cholesterol in subjects with slightly raised levels under two different conditions: under clinical ingest control and in a free ingest condition.

In the first study, clinically prepared meals were provided to 17 subjects, which consumed 190 g/day of mycoprotein for 3 weeks. Total cholesterol and LDL in blood were significantly reduced, whereas HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) increased. In the second study, 21 subjects were provided with 27 g/day of mycoprotein in dry weight (approximately 130 g/day of regular moisture mycoprotein) in form of a biscuit for 8 weeks.

Blood samples were recollected at the beginning, at 4 weeks and at 8 weeks. Total cholesterol and LDL decreased during the study, but no statistically significant differences were observed in HDL cholesterol.

A pilot study, based on 21 subjects who didn’t consume mycoprotein, whom were asked to ingest it for 6 weeks.Ten of those subjects continued with their regular diets, being the control group. It was proven that cholesterol in individuals who present high contents is reduced, but the authors conclude stating that a more rigorous study with more participants is needed to know if mycoprotein ingest also intervenes in other aspects, such as of glucose in blood reduction or blood pressure.

Effects on satiety

What is Quorn?
Quorn Pesto Burger is the favourite dish of many customers

A study demonstrated that when subjects received meals of similar nutritional values based either on chicken or mycoprotein, those who received mycoprotein felt less hungry in the evening, and when dinner time came, they ate less when compared to those who ate chicken. In another study with the same dynamic, these result were validated, and it was also demonstrated that the next ingest in the sequent day, it was also lower in quantity compared with the other group, proving that diets with a high content of mycoprotein can have a positive effect on appetite regulation.

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Read more: What is cashback? How do UK customers gain benefit from it?

What is cashback

What is cashback? How do UK customers gain benefit from it?

In the United Kingdom, many stores have a tradition of discount, which means a reduction in the price. To achieve profit goal after each sales season they usually reduce by one third, half or even for clearing the inventory they are willing to discount 70-90%. But the most effective way to attract customers is probably cashback, which can help you buy cheap items at any time and no need to wait until the Sale season. This culture was originally from the United States but began to gradually enter the UK. Many types of cameras advertised after buying customers immediately get back 50 to 100 pounds, which is equivalent to 20-30% discount. Today, let read the following article of Viknews.com to know what is cashback and how customers in the United Kingdom gain benefit from it.

What is cashback?

What is cashback
What is cashback?

Cashback is a credit form of the bank for customers who use credit cards when they make purchases and get pay back an amount of money for their credit card based on payment value. Cashback can be considered as a direct discount on products or discounting the purchase bill, etc., increasing the consumption of credit card customers. Customers not only have received promotions when paying via credit card but also have been refunded a sum of money from the system.

The refunded amount is calculated on the value of the product of all transactions pay by cash or pay by card. This percentage may be high or low depending on the type of service you use to pay. Customers can fully use the refunded money to shop for subsequent visits or withdraw cash via bank account. However, customers should not withdraw cash unless necessary urgently, as this is a form of bank that discourages use and will be subject to a high cash withdrawal fee.

Why do UK stores likely to provide cashback services?

Famous brands in UK likely to use cashback services in order to not bring down the price of goods, which will affect the consumption of other products. Some firms also consider that buyers will not remember the procedure to get money back. In one case, a US company earned an additional $ 5 million because half of the customers were not interested in getting money back. Some companies have difficult procedures in place to take advantage of the shoe-box effect, making customers forget to return the money on time.

What is cashback
Uk stores likely to use cashback services in order to not bring down the price of goods

Cashback is also a way to take advantage of the capital because the refund is usually pay after a few weeks, months or even up to years. You can go to the many online website in the UK such as quidco.com and topcashback.co.uk to buy goods and get cash-back from thousands of stores and retail networks. For example: buying an iPhone would be cashback 100 pounds, buy new types of smart phones would be cashback 50 pounds.

How do customers in the United Kingdom gain benefit from it?

Smartphone companies are the leading experts in the cash-back service in the UK. The most popular company is mobiles.co.uk, a subsidiary of the Carphone Warehouse distribution system. Its cash-back procedure is: if customer buy 24-month line subscription they will get 9-month money back, but the buyer has to remember to return the money 5 times at 5 different times as prescribed.

What is cashback
Cashback is a credit form of the bank for customers who use credit cards.

To explain clearly about the benefit that cashback service bring to customers, you should read the following example of the Nokia N8 smartphone: this is a mobile phone with a genuine non-unlocked (sim-free) phone at £ 380. But with £ 350-360, you can buy the device at Carphone Warehouse store with 10 pay as you go recharge tables. Although you have to choose a phone network to recharge but the device is not locked and there is no additional cost to unlock the phone when switching to another network.

If you buy a cashback machine online like Quidco, it will be refunded 50 more, which means the actual amount must be spent only about 300 pounds only. But this price is still higher if purchased via eBay, only 280-290 pounds. Even so, it is only the price of the phone, not yet charged for calling and especially Internet access. Many phone networks offer subscription services, such as signing contracts for 2 consecutive years, 20 pounds per month for a few hundred free call minutes, thousands of free messages and several hundred Mbytes of network access charge with the phone for free.

What is cashback
Cashback can be considered as a direct discount on products.

This is how UK customers gain benefit from cashback service. Share this post to your friends if you found it helpful. Follow Share category to read more interesting article.

Read more: What is AdBlue? Why do we need AdBlue?

What is kimchi?

What is kimchi? Do you know all of 187 different kinds of Kimchi?

Referring to Korea, tourists cannot ignore kimchi and kimchi’s dish. Because Kimchi is a rustic dish but has is a “national spirit of the essence” in Korean cuisine. Kimchi appears from the daily meals of the people to large and small meals. Not only that, but Kimchi is also popular in many countries around the world and was voted 1 of the 5 best dishes in the world by Health Magazine of America. So, what is Kimchi and what is its special attraction? Let find you the answer with Viknews.com and share interesting information you know with your friends!

What is kimchi?

What is kimchi?
Kimchi is a “national spirit of the essence” in Korean cuisine

Korea is one of the coldest countries in Asia. In the winter season, vegetables are often very scarce, so storing food for daily processing is extremely popular. Under these circumstances, people have devised ways to compost cabbage with salt, ferment it in many days to be able to be used for a long time. Until now, Kimchi has a long history of development, up to more than 3,000 years.

Kimchi is not merely a dish but it that has been upgraded into a unique culture of Korea. Taste of sour, salty, especially aromatic and spicy aroma and flavor of vegetables, sour pickled tuber has become a characteristic flavor that cannot replace by any dish in the Korean’s cuisine. In 2013, UNESCO recognized Kimchi culture (also known as Kimjang) as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

Health benefits of Kimchi

Rich nutrition

The Health Magazine of American once called kimchi is “one of the five world’s healthiest foods”, claiming that it is rich in vitamins, helps digest well, and even has can against cancer. Meanwhile, other scientists believe that preserved vegetables do not contain vitamins, and because they contain high levels of Nitric, if eaten too much can cause cancer. Health-Related kimchi comes from many factors. Kimchi is usually made from cabbage, onion, garlic, and these vegetables are healthy. Like yogurt, kimchi has beneficial live yeast bacteria. Finally, kimchi is rich in chilies, which are also thought to be beneficial for health.

What is kimchi?
Kimchi is “one of the five world’s healthiest foods”

Weight loss

Kimchi is a food that can help you lose weight. Because this dish is made primarily from fiber-rich vegetables. When you eat kimchi, you will become less hungry because vitamin C in kimchi support digestion and metabolism. Kimchi also contains lactobacillus – a good bacterium, helps digest food, absorb nutrients and fight off harmful bacteria. When eating kimchi, it will bring to you an appetite and a fullness feeling.

Kim chi – a superfood

Kimchi is not only a food that brings appetite but also a low-calorie, high-fiber dish. So it helps the digestive process in the body more easily and quickly. With raw materials, including radish mixed with cabbage and cucumber salt, kimchi is a dish that contains many vitamins so it also contributes to curing many common diseases in the body.

A great source of probiotics

Kimchi is a food formed by fermentation of food, it is an excellent source of probiotics, good for the body. Because it contains many vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A, B, iron, calcium and selenium, this probiotic will keep the body healthy and help fight infections. Vitamins and minerals also help circulate blood, strengthen your immune system and also help your muscles grow.

187 different kinds of Kimchi

What is kimchi?
A Kimchi Spicy Pickled Cabbage

Most foreign customers only know the “version” of Kimchi made from pickled cabbage, paprika and some other ingredients. This is the most popular type of Kimchi and is also considered to be the most popular kind of kimchi in Koreans. However, you may be surprised to know that cabbage Kimchi is only one of 187 types of Kimchi in this country.

Not only cabbage, but Korean people also use different types of vegetables, tubers, and fruits to make Kimchi such as kohlrabi, carrots, white radish, yellow radish, cucumber, etc. The use of fermented Kimchi used paprika was only really popular around the 19th century and since then, there has been more and more kimchi dish.

Besides Kimchi cabbage, some of the following types of Kimchi are also popular such as: Nabak Kimchi (made from cabbage), Beachu Kimchi (made from cabbage), Yeolmu Kimchi (made from young radish), Oi Sobagi (made from cucumber), Insam Kimchi (made from ginseng), Gat Kimchi (made from mustard leaves), Bossam Kimchi (made from many ingredients and wrapped in cabbage), Chonggok Kimchi (made from whole radish ), Geotjeori Kimchi (a type of kimchi made from lettuce and instant) …

What is kimchi?
In 2013, UNESCO recognized Kimchi as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity

Each of the different ingredients used to make Kimchi brings different flavors and feelings. However, to be a Kimchi dish, they all have the same characteristics: that must be done by fermented, fragrant and pungent with a distinctive bright red color. This spicy flavor is made from paprika – a material that is used a lot in Korean cuisine.

Read more: What is pewter? Why is pewter better than stainless steel?


What is pewter?

What is pewter? Why is pewter better than stainless steel?

With a bright white color like silver, pewter is a rare material to create a high level of artwork. However, the produce to create products made from pewter is not only an arduous but also a difficult process. Today, let follow this article of Viknews.com to answer the question of what is pewter and why is pewter better than stainless steel. Hope that you will know more interesting knowledge about it after reading.

What is pewter?

What is pewter?
The 1 pound-pewter bar

Pewter is a metal alloy mostly made from tin, with the remainder usually a mixture of copper, antimony, bismuth, and (sometimes) silver. Tin is an amazing metal in lots of ways and is the fourth most expensive precious metal in common use after platinum, gold, and silver. It can be worked in a lot of ways and you can get a variety of really attractive finishes. But the trouble is that it’s quite soft in its pure form and wouldn’t make a great cup. That’s where pewter comes in. Mix small amounts of copper and antimony into the tin and it gets much stronger and more durable, and becomes a very practical material for drinkware.

Pewter is a relatively soft metal which consists mainly share of Tin with a small amount of Copper which hardens the metal. Pewter used to contain Lead but since 1974 is now Lead-free, what we now call ‘modern pewter’ meaning it is safe to use with food and drink. Pewter has a low melting temperature and is a relatively soft metal. It is used to represent the 10th wedding anniversary due to its high tin content.

The history of pewter

What is pewter?
A Pewter Antique Urn in 19th century

Pewter’s color is white like silver and very bright when looking in natural light. Because of its low-temperature flexibility, pewter is now a popular material for making home-friendly products. However, the process of understanding and creating this material is an arduous and difficult process to create preeminent features today.

The first time Pewter was used was around the beginning of the Bronze Age in the Near East. The first pieces of the tin alloy were found from an Egyptian tomb from 1450 BC. Pewter was used in the ancient Egyptian world and later Roman and was widely used in Europe from the Middle Ages until various developments in ceramics and glass During the 18th and 19th centuries, however, the composition of this tin alloy was not controlled until the 12th century by towns in France. In the 15th century, pewter manufacturing companies controlled the tin alloy components in the UK and developed its properties to be as superior as they are today.

Why is pewter better than stainless steel?

You can find a large number of stainless steel product online, and their cost is a lot less than pewter. So why should we use pewter products? Well, you could use stainless steel. It’s tougher than pewter and, so long as the surface isn’t scratched, won’t corrode in beer. But Viksnew.com don’t think it looks as good but that’s subjective. However, the performance of a stainless steel tankard depends on what’s known as the ‘passive surface’ remaining intact and having access to oxygen (in the air).

What is pewter?
A tankard made from Pewter

If stainless steel is scratched, perhaps during cleaning, then it will rust. If any residue remains stuck to a stainless steel tankard this will prevent oxygen getting to the passive layer and will cause pitting underneath. Crevices in the stainless steel, such as at a join, may corrode due to lack of oxygen. Pewter is different. Your pewter’s resistance to corrosion is not dependant on a thin surface layer in the same way as stainless steel, and scratches and dents accrued over years of enjoyment won’t cause your pewter to rust. Plus, as stated above pewter is safe, practical, attractive, and it’s the traditional choice.

Pewter’s different uses through the years

Because its main component is tin, it’s easy to assume that pewter is cheap. You might associate it with inexpensive and mundane things like tin cans and tin foil. But pewter is actually a useful metal alloy that has been used in various ways throughout history. Going as far back as the Bronze Age, pewter has been used to craft useful objects. And even today, it can be found in all kinds of items. Here are some examples of pewter’s uses.

For religious purposes

In the 11th century in Europe, pewter was very expensive. The only ones who could afford it were a handful of wealthy people and priests. It was used for making church vessels like chalice cups, candlesticks and patena saucer for holding the host bread. Because of its high cost and use in special ceremonies, pewter items were considered status symbols.

What is pewter?
The maxican Pewter Hand Sculpture

For tableware and drinkware

By the 18th century, the price of this metal alloy fell and it was widely used by normal middle class folk as well. Pewter was used to make eating and drinking utensils like spoons, forks, plates, cups and cutlery. It was used to make liquid containers such as mugs, teapots, saucepans and bowls. Pewter was a popular choice for making tankards and was a common sight in taverns. The wealthy and the masses alike enjoyed their meals with pewter tableware. Mass production through the industrial revolution helped in making it more accessible to commoners.

Read more: What is promise ring? Interesting things that you should know.

What is promise ring?

What is promise ring? Interesting things that you should know.

Have you ever wondered what is promise ring? What is the meaning of a promise ring is? Which finger should you wear on the promise ring or how can we choose a promise ring? Today, let Viknews.com share the answer for these questions with you!

What is a promise ring?

What is promise ring?
The promise ring is a symbol of a promise.


The definition of a promise ring is not fixed. It is varies depending on the situation of the relationship between couples, such as married or unmarried. However, you can understand that the promise ring is a symbol of a promise, of a commitment. The magic of a promise ring is being created because it can show many different meanings. While some couples see it as a way to show the connections, others simply wear rings as an object to show mutual respect.

The promise ring, as its name suggests, is a metaphor for a promise to be made in the future. However, this promise is not specific, it will vary depending on the situation of the couple. In the widest sense of the ring of promise, it symbolizes the love of two people and is a promise for a strong relationship. It is not simply a gift when two people date, once they have put on a promise ring on their hands, they will have to take responsibility to do something they promised with each other.

The history of the promise ring

What is promise ring?
It symbolizes the love of two people

The idea of giving a promise ring to the lover has appeared several hundred years ago. Do you know the Posy rings are named after a romantic 16th-century poem in England, while Acrostic rings are interpreted by the name of a gem, such as rubies, emeralds, pearls, pomegranate, amethyst, etc. Red rubies and diamonds are the two most popular types of engagement rings in the period of Georgia and Victoria.

And in the past few decades, the promise ring has become a trend thanks to a lot of famous couples in Holly Wood, such as Jonas and Miley Cyrus. However, when Joe Jonas said that the promise ring symbolizes “a promise to yourself and to God that we will keep the innocence until marriage”, the ring of promise has been misunderstood as a chastity ring. However, the truth is that the promise ring is a symbol of the commitment of a romantic relationship, whether it’s a married couple or an unmarried couple.

When is the right time to give someone a promise ring?

It is a good thing when wearing a promise ring that is it does not mean that you will have to marry the people that give you the ring. It simply shows the feelings and seriousness of your significant other to you or your relationship. It will be perfect for gifting on Valentine’s Day, Love anniversary, Christmas day, birthday … Giving a promise ring is not a right or wrong issue because it is not like an engagement ring, which means that you and the ring-giver will marry in the future.

What is promise ring?
The promise ring is usually worn on the left-hand ring finger

What Finger Do You Wear a Promise Ring On?

The promise ring can be worn on any finger on the hand, not just the ring finger, sometimes you can use it as a pendant. However, the promise ring is usually worn on the left-hand ring finger (if you are not married) or worn on the right-hand ring finger (if you are married).

A promise ring can be worn in many other ways. This includes on other fingers, worn as a pendant around the neck or as a charm on a bracelet. Some couples who are looking to demonstrate their commitment to each other look for an alternative to a ring. This might include other forms of jewelry or other items that will remind each other on a daily basis of their commitment such as exchanging special photographs or other items.

The promise ring often has a simple design, maybe it is engraved with the heart or studded with stones. As long as you find it beautiful, it would be a perfect promise ring for you. Remember, the most important thing is its meaning, not its style.

What is promise ring?
There are no rules to wear the promise ring

When it comes to answering the question “what finger do you wear a promise ring on” it is important to remember that there are no rules. The important part is the commitment that a couple is making to each other, not what finger the ring is worn on. Of course, in many couples, the promise ring is also the symbol of an engagement ring. If you’re willing to “level up” from a promise to a marriage proposal, that’s a very normal thing, and congratulations on finding the perfect “other half.”

Read more: What is a female swan called? Only 10% know this fact.

What is a female swan called?

What is a female swan called? Only 10% know this fact.

Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus. The swans’ close relatives include the geese and ducks. There are six or seven species of swan in the genus Cygnus; in addition there is another species known as the coscoroba swan, although this species is no longer considered one of the true swans. Male swan and female swan called with a different name. So what is a female swan called? Let read the share article below of Viknews.com to find out the question.

What is a female swan called?

What is a female swan called?
A female swan called pen

The English word ‘swan’, akin to the German Schwan, Dutch zwaan and Swedish svan, is derived from Indo-European root *swen (to sound, to sing). Young swans are known as swanlings or as cygnets. An adult male is a cob, from Middle English cobbe (leader of a group); an adult female is a pen.

Female swan feathers were considered to be the best for using as quills. That is where the name for a pen (as in pen and ink) came from. A small portable folding knife was needed so that the pen feathers could be sharpened as necessary and so a small folding portable knife became known as a penknife.

A pen usually breeds in late April to the beginning of May. She lays a white egg every other day until it totals between five to nine eggs. While she incubates them for over 30 days, the cob defends the nest against possible predators. The newly born cygnets take to the water after one to two days. The cygnets’ initial foods consist mainly of invertebrates and plants. Growing rather fast, they become fully feathered when they are nine to 10 weeks old and start flying once they are around 15 weeks old.

Interesting facts about the swan

Swans live for approximately 20 to 30 years

Some variations exist between the more common swan species. The trumpeter swan, which is the largest swan in North America, lives for an average of 24 years in the wild but has been known to live for 33 years in captivity. A mute swan lives for an average of 19 to 20 years; the tundra swan has a similar life span. The black swans of Australia and New Zealand, which have been introduced to North America and Europe, can live for up to 40 years in the wild.

What is a female swan called?
There are 6 different spicies of swan

The swan is found on both sides of the Equator across the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The northern swan is generally white in color with an orange beak and the southern swan tends to be a mixture of white and black in color with red, orange or black beaks. Swans live in the following habitats: flooded grassland, Lakes and ponds, Rivers and streams and wetlands.

Swans are herbivores

Swans feed primarily on aquatic vegetation, with their long necks allowing them to feed on plants growing on river beds. They also eat small creatures such as molluscs that cling to the vegetation, and small fish, frogs and worms. Swans also will graze in fields, eating grass if it is available.

Swans usually mate for life

Swans usually mate for life, though “divorce” does sometimes occur, particularly following nesting failure, and if a mate dies, the remaining swan will take up with another. Bonded pairs tend to remain together year-round; however, outside the breeding season, they are highly social and often congregate with large numbers of other swans. During the breeding season, pairs will, however, aggressively defend their territories.

What is a female swan called?
A swan have in excess of 25,000 feathers.

Swan’s Nest

Swans build their nests on land out of twigs and leaves, and the female swan lays between 3 and 9 eggs. The baby swans hatch out of their eggs after incubation of just over a month. Swan couple will guard their baby swans furiously from predators or any animal that she believes is a threat. After swans scare off the threat, they flap their wings and call to each other in celebration – sort of like a swan high-five!

A juvenile swan normally lives as part of a flock until it is about 4 years old and deemed as being an adult. It then seeks out a mate, most commonly from the flock it’s living in, and heads off with the mate to find their own mating territory. A baby swan is called a cygnet and a group of swans is called a bevy or a wedge in flight.

What is a female swan called?
A female swan can lay between 3 and 9 eggs.

Due to their large size, swans have few natural predators in the wild. The swan’s main predator is the human who hunts the swan for its meat and it’s feathers. Other predators of the swan include wolves, raccoons and foxes they prey both on the swan itself but also on it’s eggs.

Before European explorers had reached Australia, it was believed that all swans were white. Dutch mariner, Antounie Caen, was the first to be amazed at the sight of Australia’s Black swans on the Shark Bay in 1636. Noted for their graceful movements in the water, they have been the subject of many poems, fairy tales, legends, and musical compositions.

Read more: What is PAYE? 3 tax rules UK students have to know.

What is PAYE?

What is PAYE? 3 tax rules UK students have to know.

What is PAYE? This is a tax payment method that benefits students in the United Kingdom. The idea of PAYE is that your tax payments will be less when you are a student and gradually grow when you earn more money in the future. Today, Viksnews.com will share with you the definition of PAYE and 3 tax rules UK students have to know.

What is PAYE?

PAYE stands for Pay As You Earn (pay the taxes right after receiving your salary). Most of us pay income tax under this system as follows: the employer deducts a tax from your monthly or weekly income to pay the tax authority. PAYE is not a tax, but a way to collect taxes.

What is PAYE?
PAYE (Pay as you earn) rubber stamp

Federal student loan borrowers can choose the PAYE repayment program if they struggle to make normal loan payments. For qualifying borrowers, the repayment plan limits payments to 10 percent of discretionary income. At the end of a 20-year repayment term, any outstanding loan balance is forgiven as long as no payments were missed during the term.

How to calculate PAYE payment?

To calculate your payment under PAYE, start by figuring out your discretionary income. Discretionary income is calculated by subtracting 150 percent of your state’s poverty level from your household income. State poverty levels are based on household size.

The poverty level for a household of one in New York was $12,060 in 2018, according to New York State Community Action Association. If you are single and living in New York with a $20,000 income, you would subtract $18,090 ($12,060*1.5) from $20,000. Your discretionary income would be $1,910. Your payments would be equal to 10 percent of this amount, so you’d owe $191 a year or $15.91 monthly.

What is PAYE?
your tax payments will be less when you are student and gradually grow when you earn more money in the future

3 tax rules UK students have to know

You must check your tax code regularly when you study and work

There are quite a number of students who find a job right during the semester, during a holiday or during the working time of ‘sandwich’ courses (Sandwich course are training programs that will take six months to one year working at selected companies in the industry. This time is calculated in the total time of the entire course).

You will be granted a PAYE tax code from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) – Tax is deducted directly into your monthly salary. From this tax code, your company will calculate the amount of tax you must pay and deduct directly into the salary. You only owe taxes when the amount you earn exceeds 11,000 pounds in 2016/17 (from April 6, 2016 to April 5, 2017). However, if your PAYE tax code is wrong, you may have to pay excess tax.

Tip: You should learn more about paychecks (payslip) on the TGFS website and check your tax code. Also, remember to check the tax rate when you go to work for the first time, then keep an eye on it, especially if you want to change jobs or do another job.

What is PAYE?
PAYE is not a tax, but a way to collect taxes.

Tax refund

In addition to paying attention to weekly / monthly paychecks, you must also check the tax you have to pay at the end of each year. The necessary documents include:

  • P60s from your company (each job has a P60 document) which detailing the amount you earned throughout the year and the amount of tax to be paid. You will receive this document before May 31 after the end of the tax year (the tax year starts from April this year to April next year).
  • P45s: if you quit your job that year, the company you worked for will give you a P45 document when you quit.
  • Add up all the money you earn from all jobs. If this amount is less than the personal assistance amount (£ 11,000) but you are tax deductible subject, contact the Tax and Customs Department (HMRC) for a refund.

Tip: If you change your accommodation, you must report it to the Tax Department and Customs to ensure that the relevant documents, as well as the refund checks, are sent to the correct address.

What is PAYE?
Federal student loan borrowers can choose the PAYE repayment program if they struggle to make normal loan payments

National Insurance Contributions

Some students are surprised to be deducted salary to contributions to National Insurance Contributions (NIC), even if they have not paid a tax. The NIC contribution is calculated on a period-by-month basis and does not exceed one year of tax, so you cannot get a refund even if you add up your salary at the end of the year as you would with income taxes.

Instead, your company will deduct NIC fees if you earn more than 155 pounds/week or £ 671 / month (for tax year 2016/17). You should also be aware that you will be charged more for the NIC if you work overtime or work full time during your vacation.

Tip: Remember to give the National Insurance Number to the company when you start working so that the Taxation and Customs Department can record your contribution. This will be necessary if you want to enjoy future benefits.

Read more: What is Rubbing Alcohol UK? 5 useful things you can do with Rubbing Alcohol.


What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan? 3 things McDonald’s won’t tell you.

Ronald Mcdonald, also known as McDonald’s is a famous fast-food corporation in the world with about 36,000 restaurants in 119 countries, serving more than 43 million visitors per day under its own brand. The company was first founded in 1940 by brothers Richard and Maurice (“Mick & Mack”) McDonald. The foundation of today’s successful business is Ray Kroc’s acquisition of McDonald’s brothers and evolving into one of the world’s most successful fast food business projects. So, do you know what is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan? And what are things that you do not know about it? Let’s read the following article of Viknews.com to know more interesting information.

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?
McDonald’s is a famous fast-food corporation in the world.

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?

One of the world’s most famous corporate mascots has a slightly different name in Japan, where Ronald McDonald is known as Donald McDonald. In Japanese, the character’s name is written as ドナルド・マクドナルド (Donarudo Makudonarudo). Similarly, the McDonald’s backed charity is locally known as the Donald McDonald House.

The burger chain first came to Japan in 1971, so generations have grown up with McDonald’s and its smiling clown Donarudo. Japanese people are often surprised to learn that outside the country the character is known as “Ronald McDonald.” No wonder the character’s non-Japanese name is even a trivia question!

Explain the discrepancy of the Japanese name of McDonald

But why the discrepancy? Website Gaku-sha asked McDonald’s Japan, and in short, the name was changed because saying “Ronald McDonald” is difficult in Japanese. Online, I’ve seen people say this is because it’s hard for Japanese speakers to pronounce the letter “r.” That’s an oversimplification. When the character’s name is written in Japanese, people are not confronted with English “r” sounds or “l” sounds, but native Japanese sounds and how those sounds flow together or clash.

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?
McDonald’s to standardize prices at Japanese stores

When written in Japanese, Ronald McDonald is ロナルド・マクドナルド (Ronarudo Makudonarudo), and having a “ro” (ロ) sound so close to a “ru” (ル) makes “Ronarudo” difficult to say in Japanese. That’s probably why soccer stars like Ronaldo and Cristiano Ronaldo, both of whom have done commercials in Japan, write “Ronaldo” as ロナウド (Ronaudo) with ウ (u) and not ロナルド (Ronarudo) with “ru” (ル).

But, while Ronaudo Makudonarudo would be easier for Japanese to say, visually, ロナウド・マクドナルド (Ronaudo Makudonarudo) doesn’t look as good as ドナルド・マクドナルド (Donarudo Makudonarudo), nor does it roll off the tongue in the same way. In Japan, McDonald’s is Makudonarudo (マクドナルド), so Donarudo Makudonarudo has a pleasant ring to it, just like Ronald McDonald sounds nice in English. Plus, “Donarudo” (ドナルド) is a famous character name in Japan thanks to Donald Duck, making the name familiar and easy to say.

Interestingly, most of the other McDonald’s characters have similar monikers to their American counterparts. For example, Grimace is Gurimasu (グリマス), the Hamburglar is Hanbaaguraa (ハンバーグラー), and Big Mac Police is Biggu Makku Porisu (ビッグマックポリス). Mayor McCheese, however, has been changed for Japan, where the character is Meiyaa Cheezu Makku (メイヤーチーズマック).

3 things McDonald’s won’t tell you

Profit of McDonald’s is going down

Founded in 1948, McDonald’s is the largest chain of fast food restaurants in the United States, with three times the volume of Subway – its biggest competitor, according to the QSR trade magazine. With more than 36,000 stores, McDonald’s serves nearly 70 million diners each day, bringing in revenue up to 27.44 billion USD in 2018. However, things are no longer easy with McDonald’s as before. Although the revenue is still high, the net income of the group in the fourth quarter of 2018 decreased by 21% compared to the same period of the previous year. Nation’s Restaurant News shared: 2018 was McDonald’s worst performance year for decades.

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?
McDonald’s Japan shows more signs of struggling

Low salary

On its website, McDonald’s is “proud” of its “challenging but well-rewarding” work for 1.9 million employees (including franchised restaurants). However, like most other fast food restaurants, McDonald’s has recently been involved in troubles from workers’ indignation that criticizes them for being paid too low. Fast Food Forward Federation of Fast Food Labor Federation launched the “Fight for 15 USD” campaign which requires an increase of 15 USD / h in wages for industry workers – a new wage is considered “enough to live” in the USA.

Lie about the charity campaign

McDonald’s philanthropic efforts are shown through its organization Ronald McDonald’s House Charities (RMHC) – seeking and supporting better child health and parenting programs. As a part of that, RMHC has built 300 houses of compassion worldwide, providing shelter for relatives of sick children located in nearby hospitals with care conditions. McDonald’s is very proud of this activity and regularly promotes it.

What is Ronald Mcdonald called in Japan?
A McDonald fast food restaurant menu

However, there have been doubts about the generosity of McDonald’s. Health lawyer Michele Simon published a report: “Charity farce” in 2013, revealing that McDonald’s actually contributed only one-fifth of RMHC’s operating budget. In addition, the Group also criticized 0.32% of pre-tax profit before tax – a much lower rate than other groups of similar size (averaging 1.01%). The report concludes: The company’s contribution is not commensurate with words. McDonald’s spokesman did not comment on this report, but Vice President Bridget Coffing called it “a shame” and gave false information.

Read more: What is PPE? 3 frequently mistakes when using PPE.

What is pease pudding?

What is pease pudding? The most delicious pease pudding homemade recipe.

Pudding is a dessert cake and is also a popular delicacy in Western countries. In the UK and most Commonwealth countries, pudding is used to describe both savory and sweet dishes. But what is pease pudding? This is not a sweet dessert pudding as usual. Let join with Viknews.com to know more interesting information about this kind of pudding as well as learn the most delicious pease pudding homemade recipe.

What is pease pudding?

Pease pudding is a traditional British dish. This pudding came from northeastern of England and is not a pudding in the sense of dessert. It is a delicious dish and is served with cooked meat ( usually ham or gammon).

What is pease pudding?
What is pease pudding?

A pease pudding made with cooked peas to create a soft and soft crust, leftover pudding can be fried. The dish is no different from the famous light peas, also very popular in the North and made with dried peas – although you will never fry green beans, they are too soft and do not hold shape.

In case you doubt the popularity of Pease Pudding, the traditional dish even has a poem about it:

Pease porridge hot, pease porridge cold

Pease porridge in the pot, nine days old

Some like it hot, some like it cold

Some like it in the pot, nine days old.

The most delicious pease pudding homemade recipe

What is pease pudding?
Yellow split peas or toor dal used to make soup and pease pudding

Pease pudding is also known locally as pease pottage or pease porridge. Regular pudding is served with cooked pork or gammon and the tasty recipe below is taken from the recipes of famous chef Gordon Ramsay from the Gammon recipe with Pease Pudding and Parsley Sauce.

Ingredients of pease pudding recipe

  • Gammon
  • 2 kg boneless smoked gammon joint, soaked.
  • 2 celery sticks, cut into chunks
  • Few thyme sprigs
  • 1 tsp black peppercorns
  • Pease Pudding
  • 500g yellow split peas, soaked overnight in cold water
  • 1 onion, peeled and quartered,
  • 1 carrot, peeled and quartered
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 2 tbsp malt vinegar
  • Sea salt and white pepper
  • 20g butter, cut into chunks
  • Parsley Sauce
  • 20g butter
  • 2 shallots, peeled and finely diced
  • 20g plain flour
  • 1 1/2 tsp English mustard
  • 150ml whole milk
  • Handful flat leaved parsley leaved chopped
  • What is pease pudding?
    Vegan gammon and pease pudding


  • Serves 4 Drain the gammon and place in a large saucepan with the onion, carrot, celery, bay leaves, thyme and black peppercorns. Pour on enough water to cover, then bring to the boil. Skim off any scum that rises to the surface. Lower the heat and simmer gently for about 2 hours, skimming occasionally, until the gammon is cooked through. Leave in the liquor.
  • For the pease pudding, drain the soaked peas and tip into a saucepan. Add the onion, carrot, bay leaves and cover with water (adding some of the stock from the gammon if its not too salty). Bring to the boil and skim off any scum that rises to the surface. Lower the heat and simmer gently for an hour or until the peas are tender.
  • Discard the onion, carrot, and bay leaves and tip the peas into a blender. Blitz to a puree, then pour into a clean pan. Add the vinegar and season with salt and pepper. Gradually beat in the butter a cube at a time. Keep warm until ready to serve, adding a little water if too dry.
  • To make the parsley sauce, melt the butter in a small saucepan, add the shallots and saute gently until softened but not colored, 4 – 6 minutes. Add the flour and mustard, stir well and cook for a further 2 – 3 minutes. Gradually stir in the milk and 150 ml of the strained liquor from the gammon. Bring to the boil, lower the heat and simmer for 6 – 8 minutes, stirring every so often. The sauce should be quite thick.
  • Just before serving, stir the chopped parsley, cream and a squeeze of lemon juice into the sauce and check the seasoning. Lift the gammon out of the liquor onto a board. Carve the meat into thick slices and warm through in some of the liquor if necessary. Serve with the pease pudding and the parsley sauce.
What is pease pudding?
A traditional pease pudding comes from northeast England and is made with yellow split peas.

Served with a thick piece of cooked meat or steak sauce and parsley sauce. The pudding can be kept in the refrigerator for several days if it was frozen well. Viknews.com thank you for your interest. Let keep up for our next article. Please continue to follow Viknews.com’s share category to update more delicious cake recipe in the future. Have a nice day!

Read more: What is mascarpone? How to make mascarpone at home.